Friday, February 20, 2015

FDA Clearance Approval for 23andMe Gene Carrier Test: Those Results Will Not Be Shared with Public

""The FDA has authorized 23andMe to offer its Bloom syndrome carrier status report to customers, CEO Anne Wojcicki said in an email to customers last night, but the company will not be making the reports available.
Instead, the company sees the authorization as an important first step for the company’s eventual, “more comprehensive health product offering.”
FDA ordered 23andMe to stop marketing its direct-to-consumer genetic tests in November 2013. 23andMe complied with the order, but continued to offer hereditary findings and move forward with its research initiatives, announcing a two-year grant of almost $1.4 million from the National Institutes of Health to expands its genomic database andcollaborating with Pfizer in a deal of undisclosed value.
Meanwhile, 23andMe hired new regulatory counsel last April, and announced that it was pursuing FDA approval for the Bloom syndrome carrier status report last June.
The original application for approval was a 510(k) application, which was converted to a de novo request. The de novo process is used by the FDA to grant marketing authorization for novel devices of low to moderate risk when there is no substantially equivalent product with which to compare it.
Along with this authorization, the FDA is also classifying carrier screening tests as class II, the agency said in its press release. The FDA intends to exempt these devices from FDA premarket review, a development that will open to public comment for 30 days. “This action creates the least burdensome regulatory path for autosomal recessive carrier screening tests with similar uses to enter the market,” the agency said.
The agency’s language in its announcement stresses that the approval is for a carrier screen.
“The FDA believes that in many circumstances it is not necessary for consumers to go through a licensed practitioner to have direct access to their personal genetic information. Today’s authorization and accompanying classification, along with FDA’s intent to exempt these devices from FDA premarket review, supports innovation and will ultimately benefit consumers,” said Alberto Gutierrez, Ph.D., director of the Office of In Vitro Diagnostics and Radiological Health in the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health in the statement. “These tests have the potential to provide people with information about possible mutations in their genes that could be passed on to their children.”""

Gene Sequencing

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