Wednesday, March 4, 2015

Cannabinoid Crystal Formation Species Specified and Distribution by Cannabis Name Classes

""Cannabis tends to be subdivided into 3 different species: Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis. However, these are merely terms used to describe the typology of the plant (it’s “looks” – shape, height, bushiness, and the like) rather than a specific distribution of its cannabinoids. When looking at the genome of the plant it becomes apparent that they all fit under the same species Cannabis sativa L, which is also evident as the different types can “mate” with each other (crossbreeding).
Users often make the claim that “sativas” produce a more “head-high” while “indicas” a more “body-high”, and that this could potentially be because of differences in THC content and CBD/THC ratio. However, there is no evidence to support the notion that CBD/THC ratios differ among the different types. Furthermore, nowadays there has been extensive crossbreeding which would make a further distinction between the types less meaningful.
The cannabinoids are produced in tiny crystal formations surrounding the cannabis flowers, these are called glandular trichomes. The trichomes also contain other compounds known as terpenoids which are responsible for the distinct smell of cannabis – the cannabinoids themselves are odourless! The reason the cannabis plant produces trichomes is thought to be as a defence against insects (cannabinoids are sticky and bugs get stuck in it), damaging infra-red and ultraviolet light, as well as harsh cold winds.
Many factors influence the THC content and the CBD/THC ratio of the plant, the most important one being the genes of the plant. Both THC and CBD are made from the same precursor compound known as cannabigerol (CBG). The genes of the plant determine how much of the enzymes THCsynthase or CBDsynthase the plant produces – which in turn will determine how much of the plants CBG will be turned into THC and CBD.""

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